Istanbul Bosphorus Strait
Istanbul Bosphorus, uniting the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara and separating parts of Asian Turkey from European Turkey.
Bordered on both sides by the massive city of Istanbul, the strait is one of the planet’s most strategic waterways.
Istanbul Bosphorus is one of the most popular destination of Istanbul for its local people, especially during Summer for its climate. Istanbul Bosphorus shores are lined with fine neighborhoods, Ottoman palaces, fortresses, old wooden villas, hotels, parks and gardens, restaurants, cafeterias, and so on.
The interesting neighborhoods on the Bosphorus are: Besiktas, Ortakoy, Arnavutkoy, Bebek, Rumeli Fortress, Emirgan, Tarabya, Yenikoy, Istinye, Sariyer, Uskudar, Kanlica, Beykoz, Anadoluhisar, Beylerbeyi, Cengelkoy, and many others. Best way to see these sites would be taking a nice boat trip along the Bosphorus.
The Bosphorus connects the two continents. Asian continent and European continent, there are pavilions, palaces and fortresses that have witnessed a very important history in these continents.
What is Bosphorus?
The Istanbul Bosphorus is a bridge that connects the Asian continent and the European continent. It has a length of 32 km. The reason why it is so important is that it connects the Black Sea to the open seas in the Aegean and Mediterranean.
The Bosphorus, which has been of great importance in the economic and geopolitical context for centuries, was wanted to be controlled by many countries as it was the only sea route connecting the coastal countries to the high seas.
The reason why it is very important in terms of tourism is that many important historical buildings from the Byzantine and Ottoman periods and many mansion are built along the banks of the Bosphorus.
From the historical point of view, the most important buildings, Anatolian Fortress, Anadolu Kavağı, Beylerbeyi Palace, Maiden’s Tower, Ortakoy, Dolmabahce Palace, Ciragan Palace, Küçüksu Palace, Rumeli Fortress and many other historical monuments are hosting.
So Bosphorus is the most popular location in Istanbul. If you want to learn activities on Bosphorus click to see Bosphorus cruises in Istanbul
Where is Bosporus?
Istanbul Strait, which combines the Marmara and the Black Sea, is 32 kilometers in length only when calculated straight.
The strait, which extends from the Rumeli coast to the shores of the Golden Horn, from the Anadoluhisarı to Rumelihisarı, reaches the deepest point between Bebek and Kandilli. There is quite a depth between Arnavutköy and Vanikoy. The first bridge to the Bosphorus Bridge is the Bosphorus Bridge.
Geographical location of the Bosphorus of Istanbul is 41 ° 3 ′ 25 29 North and 29 ° 2 ′ 35 41 East GPS coordinates.
Reasons to take a boat tour in Istanbul Bosphorus
Historical places on the Istanbul Bosphorus
One of the best ways to get a feel for Istanbul is to take a cruise on the legendary Bosphorus. You will able to see landmarks of Istanbul
- Anadolu Fortress
- Anadolu Kavagi
- Beylerbeyi Palace
- Maiden’s Tower
- Dolmabahce Palace
- Ciragan Palace
- Kucuksu Palace
- Rumeli Fortress
1. Anadolu Fortress
The Anatolian Fortress is located at the narrowest part of Istanbul. Sultan Beyazıt I ordered the construction of the fortress in order to control the sea traffic. Today, the fortress is turned into an open air museum where the concerts take place. We recommend you visiting and taking as many photos as you can.
2. Anadolu Kavagi
Anadolu Kavagi is located at the Asian side of Istanbul and close to the Black Sea. It is one of the most beatiful villages in this city. We suggest you visiting Yusa Hill if you decide to go to Anadolu Kavagi because the landscape is totally brilliant and there are so many fish restaurants that enable you to taste one of the greatest cuisine in Turkey.
3. Beylerbeyi Palace
Beylerbeyi Palace, located in the Beylerbeyi district of Üsküdar, was built by Sultan Abdülaziz into a grove in the Byzantine period, known as the Istavroz Gardens. The structure, designed by Balyan Family in 1861-1865, consists of six large halls, 24 rooms, 1 bath and 1 bathroom. Beylerbeyi Palace, which has an impressive structure with its wooden carving and gold embroidery workmanship, is one of the most spectacular buildings in Istanbul.
4. Maiden’s Tower
The Maiden’s Tower, one of Istanbul’s oldest buildings, is located off the coast of Salacak Coast of Üsküdar. The building which was built in the ancient Roman period as the first building defense area was used for different purposes in the Byzantine and Ottoman periods. With its 360 degree panoramic Istanbul view and its architecture that defies its years, the Maiden’s Tower has been serving as a museum-restaurant since 1995.
Ortakoy is a charming, picturesque neighborhood on the European side of Istanbul. An area of local restaurants, shops and coffee shops. On Sundays, a local handicraft market is set up here and wares of local artisans are sold here. You can enjoy your free time here to stretch your legs and explore the narrow and enchanting streets.
6. Dolmabahce Palce
Dolmabahçe Palace, one of the most eye-catching buildings of the Bosphorus, is one of the buildings dating from the Ottoman Empire. The palace, which was built by Sultan Abdülmecid in 1839 by the Balyan family, looks at each other with beautiful decorations, unique paintings and unique works. Dolmabahçe Palace, which was used by Atatürk in 1927-1938, has been used as a museum-palace since 1984.
7. Ciragan Palace
There are some structures that just tell you something even when you look from the outside. One of them is the legendary palace of Çırağan. This palace, which was the first eye pain of the Ottoman sultans who admired the European life among the Ottoman palaces, has both a magnificent and sad story. The real name comes from “çerağan, which means“ oil, light As in Persian. Although he witnessed the last period of the Ottoman Empire, his story dates back to the 17th century.
8. Kucuksu Palace
An impressive 19th-century Baroque style Ottoman Palace founded by Sultan Abdulmecit.
9. Rumeli Fortress
Rumeli Fortress, also known as Bogazkesen Hisari, is located in Sarıyer district of İstanbul. The fortress built by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror in 1452 to prevent attacks from the north of the Bosphorus, covers an area of 30 acres. Rumeli Fortress, which has reached its present state in its unspoilt state, is now being used as a museum and as an open-air theater.